Research

Research interests

The group focuses on low-level research on fundamental capabilities for Unmanned Aerial Systems. Areas of particular focus are safety and localization; we aim to enhance the systems’ capabilities by advanced algorithms, mechanical design, and control strategies.

We have a strong focus on experimental validation of ideas, and therefore we expend substantial energy in ensuring that algorithms etc. can be implemented on a real system, and run in real time.

For an introduction to the kind of work that we do, see this video:

Below are some examples of current and past projects we have worked on.

Resilience in the face of disturbance
How do aerial vehicles respond to disturbances? What control algorithms, mechanical designs, etc. can we use to reduce the effect of such disturbances? We’re interested in investigating novel mechanical designs as well as novel planning algorithms to overcome large external disturbances, as well as modeling such disturbances. See a video here!

Localisation and state estimation
Flying vehicles have particularly interesting dynamic properties, and present opportunities for new state estimation algorithms and approaches. Furthermore, technologies such as ultra-wideband ranging are becoming more and more available, allowing the creation of new sensing strategies allowing a flying vehicle to estimate its dynamic state and thus fly.

Trajectory generation for quadrocopters
The problem to be solved here is that of finding the inputs which will take a quadrocopter from its current state, to a desired end state, in a given amount of time. This occurs, for example, if a quadrocopter is tasked with hitting a ball towards a target, or has to land on a moving platform. A key requirement is that these trajectories must be solvable in real time, so that they can be used in feedback by the system to correct for disturbances and adapt to changing situations. See it in action!

Fault tolerance and failure mitigation
The Flying Machine Arena is a large and complex system, but one that we would like to be able to confidently show people. One of the resulting challenges is making sure that the system reacts well to failures and faults. Examples of such faults include a failure of the global sensing system, failure of the radio communication system or actuator failure on the vehicles. See it in action here, and here.

Novel vehicles
Typical multicopters have an even number of propellers, appearing in pairs of counter-rotating propellers. These designs have the advantage that the input torques can be made to balance, while the vehicle is hovering. Alternative designs, where the input torques cannot be made to balance, offer interesting dynamics and a new take on multicopters. An example of such a vehicle, which uses only two propellers, can be seen here. Recently, we have created a radically simple vehicle, that has only a single moving part, yet is still controllable: video.